Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Web Secret 537: block chain and cryptocurrency

You don't know this, faithful readers, but for the past year I have been scouring the earth looking for a definition of block chain and cryptocurrency that I could share with you.

The definition would have to meet only criterion - that I would understand it.

Well that hasn't happened. However, several months ago my spouse passed along an article "The essential guide: blockchain, cryptocurrency and real estate" which sort of explain the topic so that I can sort of understand it.

Since I firmly believe everyone needs to sort of understand this, here is that explanation:

Cryptocurrency
"Cryptocurrencies are digital currencies that are traded and exchanged over the internet, used to buy and sell goods, invest and build wealth. The “crypto” in their name comes from cryptography, the field of studying and enacting secure communications. Cryptocurrencies are designed to offer a secure method of trading and secure record-keeping of who traded what, when–using computer programming (though the “who” is often an obscure number).

The best-known and most widely used cryptocurrency is bitcoin, created in 2008... Bitcoin started with barely any value and has now created its own millionaires and billionaires. Due to the structure of the math equations underlying bitcoin, only 21 million bitcoin can ever be made — or “mined,” in bitcoin terms — which holds the currency’s value (already, the world has collectively mined most of the currency, over 80 percent).

Bitcoin also becomes harder to mine as more hits the market, requiring more time, more computing power, and more energy. Eventually, at some point if and when all of it is mined, the only way to acquire bitcoin will be by trading it.

There are a host of other cryptocurrencies as well, each with their own distinguishing features. Another you may have heard of is Ethereum.
Block chain
Blockchain is the underlying technology that powers all of these cryptocurrencies. The name is fitting because it is literally an electronic chain of blocks of information, each block representing the latest transaction or many transactions, plus a record of the previous block, and the answer to a tough math equation.

A blockchain is a distributed, decentralized digital ledger where transactions are recorded. A blockchain exists not in any one place, but thanks to the internet, is spread out across multiple computers. Which computers? The ones being used by anyone who has made a transaction on the blockchain, from individuals to organizations. The system allows financial transactions to take place without a middleman, like a bank, which is how cryptocurrencies are traded.

It’s a public ledger, first and foremost, and you can transact anywhere in the world without a middleman at a relatively cheap price compared to traditional avenues,” explained Josh Olszewicz, a cryptocurrency day trader.

There are multiple different blockchains each with their own cryptocurrencies being traded and transactions recorded. Additionally, many of the leading blockchains can host a potential infinite number of custom tokens on top of it as well. A blockchain stores all the information about cryptocurrency and token trades in chronological order, so you can go back and see the very first trades, as well as assigning numbers to each user of the blockchain, so you can see who owns what. The record of these trades can’t be altered or tampered with.
You sort of get it right?

I know - that isn't good enough.

If I find a more understandable explanation - I will share it with you.

Wednesday, September 12, 2018

Web Secret 536: Trolls

Internet trolls are the hotile and sometimes dangerous people who post nasty comments and disinformation on the Internet - usually to create trouble of one kind or another.

Last month, The New York Times published an article "The Internet Trolls Have Won. Sorry, There’s Not Much You Can Do." by Brian X. Chen.

Unfortunately, understanding trolls and trolling is essential in the 21st century, so here is my summary of the most important information culled from this important article:

Most experts agree agree that trolling has no easy fix.

Chen notes: "Over the last decade, commenting has expanded beyond a box under web articles and videos and into social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter. That has opened the door to more aggressive bullying, harassment and the ability to spread misinformation...

Case in point: the right-wing conspiracy site Infowars. For years, the site distributed false information that inspired internet trolls to harass people who were close to victims of the Sandy Hook school shooting. This week, after much hemming and hawing about whether to get involved, some giant tech firms banned content from Infowars.

What does that show us? That you as an internet user have little power over content you find offensive or harmful online. It’s the tech companies that hold the cards.
"

There are many theories about why the internet seems to bring out the worst in people... people use the internet to get more of what they do not get enough of in everyday life. So while people have been socialized to resist being impulsive in the real world, on the internet they cave to their temptations to lash out.

...the quality of comments vary widely depending on the pieces of content being discussed and the audiences they attract. For example, there are videos about niche topics, like home improvement, that invite constructive commentary from enthusiasts. But there are others, such as a music video from a popular artist or a general news article, which ask people from all around the world to comment. That’s when things can get especially unruly.

It’s up to the content providers and tech platforms to vet their communities and set rules and standards for civilized discussion.

Many resource-strained news publications fall short: They often leave their comments sections unmoderated, so they become cesspools of toxic behavior. It is also an area where tech companies like Facebook and Twitter struggle, because they have long portrayed themselves as neutral platforms that do not that do not wish to take on the editorial roles of traditional publishers.

What about fake comments?

Tech companies have long employed various methods to detect fake comments from bots and spammers.

Unfortunately, security researchers have shown there are workarounds to all these methods.

When the Federal Communications Commission was preparing to repeal net neutrality last year, there were 22 million comments posted on its site, many of which expressed support for the move.

One expert used a machine-learning algorithm to discover that 1.3 million comments were likely fakes posted by bots.

What can you do?

For the issue of spoofed comments, there is a fairly simple solution: You can report them to the site’s owner, which will likely analyze and remove the fakes.

But for truly offensive comments, the reality is that consumers have very little power to fight them. Tech companies like YouTube, Facebook and Twitter have published guidelines for what types of comments and material are allowed on their sites, and they provide tools for people to flag and report inappropriate content.

Yet once you report an offensive comment, it is typically up to tech companies to decide whether it threatens your safety or violates a law — and often harassers know exactly how offensive they can be without clearly breaking rules.

Beyond reporting comments individually, you could also use an online petition tool like Change.org to demand that tech companies remove offensive content.

The article closes with this advice:

Think before you read... Think before you speak. And you don’t always have to respond. A lot of things do not deserve a response. Sometimes not responding is more effective than lashing out.”

Wednesday, September 5, 2018

Web Secret 535: What's My Line

When I was a child, one of my greatest pleasures was watching TV game shows with my grand-mother.

Grani - as we called her - was a regal, worldly woman who had emigrated to the USA from Russia via Berlin and Paris. She spoke 4 languages and was always immaculately dressed with a strand of pearls around her neck.

Retrospectively, I find it hilarious that this regal person enjoyed some of the most proletarian aspects of 1960s America. She would take me on frequent expeditions to Lamston, a now defunct Five and Dime store, and Chock Full O Nuts, a coffee shop featuring a lunch counter where we ate cream-cheese on date nut bread sandwiches.

One of her favorite shows was What's My Line?, a panel game show that originally ran from 1950 to 1967. The game required celebrity panelists to question a contestant in order to determine his or her occupation, i.e., "line [of work]." Each show culminated in the panelists putting on masks and trying to identify a "mystery guest" with their questions.

Most of the major figures connected to the show were remarkable in their own rights. The show was moderated by John Daly, a World War II correspondent who witnessed Gen. George S. Patton's infamous "slapping incident". As a reporter for the CBS radio network, Daly was the first national correspondent to deliver the news of the attack on Pearl Harbor and the first to report the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Panelist Dorothy Kilgallen wrote a newspaper column "The Voice of Broadway", which was syndicated to more than 140 papers. In 1936, she competed with other New York newspaper reporters in a race around the world using only means of transportation available to the general public. She was the only woman to compete in the contest and came in second. She was invited to the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, defended comedian Lenny Bruce from obscenity charges, and reported on the trial of accused murderer Dr. Sam Shepard.
Arlene Francis was the highest-earning game show panelist in the 1950s, making $1,000 (equal to $10,172 today) per show.

Panelist Kitty Carlisle was a film actress who had acted in "A Night at the Opera" (1935) with the Marx Brothers, two films with Bing Crosby, Woody Allen's "Radio Days" (1987), "Six Degrees of Separation" (1993), and "Catch Me If You Can" (2002) in which she played herself in a dramatization of a 1970s To Tell the Truth episode.

Panelist Bennett Cerf was the erudite founder of the Random House publishing firm.

Host and panelists were dressed in evening wear, the men in tuxedos and the women in beautiful cocktail dresses.

All of the What's My Line shows can be viewed on YouTube.

One day on a whim, I showed one of the episodes to my Millenial twins. They became instantly addicted and started streaming the 100+ shows.

They are fascinated by the A list celebrities, from Sean Connery to a very young Elizabeth Taylor, from Bette Davis to Jackie Gleason.

They are fascinated by the elegance and formality with which host, panelists and guests behave.

They are fascinated by the guests and substitute panelists who later became famous. Watch pre Star Trek William Shatner, outrageously flirting with an attractive guest, or Tony Randall, ten years before "The Odd Couple" TV series.

But they are most fascinated by the every day guests whose occupations no longer exist due to modernization and techhnology. Jobs like Hat Check Girl and Diaper Service Man.

Will you enter and sign in please.

Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Web Secret 534: Carved

I am a firm believer in putting a case on your smartphone.

Over the years I have been through many iPhone cases as I upgraded through various models.

Seldom, however, have I come in contact with more beautiful cases than the ones made by USA based Carved.com.

Look at this geometric T-Rex.

Their magnificent animals on wood.

Their premium "satellite" cases.

And my personal favorite "custom map" case. Select any location in the world, and the map is carved into the case.

I'm planning an upgrade in September.

I'll be in touch with you - Carved.

Tuesday, August 21, 2018

Web Secret 533: Curable

Curable is an app that helps users control their chronic pain.

I can't think of a more necessary modality right this minute.

Doctors are drastically reducing opioid prescriptions even when this makes no sense whatsoever.

Unless you are fortunate to live in a state where medical marijuana has existed for a long time - you have no access to even the low THC cannabis pain relievers.

So pain sufferers need another option.

In an October 2017 article "Curing the Incurable", long time TechCrunch reviewer Jon Evans explains how Curable helped his wife dramatically reduce her chronic migraines.

He writes: "[The] treatment program is based on the (thoroughly scientifically grounded) notion that chronic pain tends to slowly rewire the brain to “perpetuate the feeling of pain” — and that this neurological sensitization to pain can be undone, in whole or in part, via mindfulness and cognitive behavioral therapy...It may sound odd that cognitive techniques can overcome and eliminate real physical pain, but there is an sizable amount of hard science behind this, which Curable users are walked through."

If you've tried PT, pills, acupuncture, epidural shots, and everything else under the sun, why not try it?

I know I am.

Caveat: I am not a medical professional and you should check with yours before using Curable.

Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Web Secret 532: Srugim

The Internet is making me realize that I am just as provincial as those demonized imaginary deplorables from the Midwest.

I already had an inkling I was in a self imposed ghetto when I was pondering unfriending my last Republican Facebook friend because he voted for Trump. If I did that I would be perfectly insulated from anyone who didn't have exactly the same values I have.

And then I didn't do it - because - well he likes Star Trek and classic rock and dogs and. Well you get the point. I had to make it work. In our little Facebook world, I made myself reach across the aisle.

And I thought about this all over again when someone suggested I watch an Israeli TV show (aired between 2008 and 2012) called "Srugim."

Srugim has been called the Israeli "Friends." Superficially you could think that. It's about five 30 year olds who live in the same Jerusalem singles neighborhood called "The Swamp", hanging out in each others apartments and angsting about love and life.

Except that the five are Modern Orthodox Jews.

For the record, though I am Jewish, I have never had any Orthodox friends or even acquaintances.

They don't agree with my secular view of the world. I would shun them in a minute if I actually met them in real life.

But the series was recommend by a friend I greatly respect, so I streamed it on Amazon Prime Video.

Srugim is like "Friends," if "Friends" didn't have a laugh track, addressed questions of faith and doubt, death and mourning, and took its time telling a story.

Watch it.

Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Web Secret 531: Lemonade

Say you're a young Millenial. Maybe in your first job.

And you rent an apartment. And you are required to have renter's insurance.

It's 2018. What do you do?

You download the Lemonade app. Here is Lemonade explained:



What makes Lemonade special in the insurance world? It's cheap. Really cheap. A studio apartment in a doorman building could cost as little as $11.00 to insure.

As one article explains, Lemonade promises “world record claims handling” in only three seconds with “25% of claims paid in 3 seconds.” And you can “get insured” in only 90 seconds. And with its “Zero Everything” option, the customer is promised “zero deductible, zero rate hikes, zero worries.”

Nothing is too small to report stolen under a renter or homeowner’s policy, including flip-flops. The website actually says flip-flops are covered.

Here is how it works. Someone steals flip-flops out of your apartment. Use the Lemonade App to record a video of yourself explaining what happened, what the flip-flops look like and what you think they are worth, say, $10. Send it to Lemonade, and its “AI runs 18 anti-fraud algorithms,” which is basically the computer deciding whether you might be lying. If it believes you, the “AI will pay you in 3 seconds” and send $10 to your bank account. If the AI thinks you might be lying, you get diverted to a human to process the claim.

If life gives you lemons...